AskDefine | Define Hessian

Dictionary Definition

hessian n : (19th century) a man's high tasseled boot [syn: Hessian boot, jackboot, Wellington, Wellington boot]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. of or relating to Hesse in Germany

Proper noun

en-proper noun Hessians
  1. a native or inhabitant of Hesse
  2. a mercenary soldier, especially a German one who fought with the British in the American Revolutionary War


  1. a type of jute

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

The term Hessian refers to the inhabitants of the German state of Hesse. Hessian may also mean:
  • Hessian (soldiers), soldiers from the former principality of Hesse Kassel (now in modern Germany) who fought in the American Revolutionary War and other conflicts. Occasionally soldiers from other German states were incorrectly called Hessians as well.
  • Hessian (protocol), a binary protocol for web services developed by Caucho Technology
  • Hessian (boot), knee-high tasseled boot worn by military officers in Victorian-era England
  • Hessian language
  • Hessian matrix, in mathematics, the matrix of all second partial derivatives of a function of several real variables
  • Hessian Fly, a significant cereal pest
  • Hessian (fabric), coarse woven material (chiefly UK and Ireland), akin to Burlap (chiefly N. American)
  • Hessian (Subculture), subculture term for a marijuana user who is also a fan of heavy metal
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